A Brief Overview Of The Dead Sea

The Dead Sea, also called the Salt Sea, is a salt lake bordered by Jordan and Israel. It is one of the world’s many wonders due to its unique characteristics that make it a one-of-a-kind body of water. Its surface and shores are 429 meters below sea level—making it the Earth’s lowest elevation of land. At 31 miles long and 9 miles wide, it is also one of the largest hypersaline lakes in the world. A hypersaline lake is a landlocked body of water that possesses large amounts of sodium chloride or other mineral salts, giving it saline levels greater than that of ocean water. The salinity of the lake’s water makes for a deadly environment for a large number of living things, hence its name.

The Dead Sea is located in the Jordan Rift Valley, a geographic aspect created by the Dead Sea Transformed. This left lateral-moving transform fault is located along the tectonic plate boundary that resides in the middle of the African and Arabian Plate. It runs along the center of the East Anatolian Fault Zone in Turkey and the northern tip of the Red Sea Rift offshore of the southern end of the Sinai.

Apart from small perennial springs under and around the lake, Jordan River is the primary source of water that flows into the Dead Sea, which forms pools and quicksand pits along the edges. Meanwhile, there are no outlet streams that lead the Dead Sea’s water elsewhere.

There are two major hypotheses surrounding the Dead Sea pertaining to the origins of its low elevation. The older hypothesis states that it lies in a true rift zone, which an extension of the Red Sea Rift, or even the Great Rift Valley of eastern Africa. Meanwhile, a recent hypothesis states that the Dead Sea is a basin that was a result of a step-over discontinuity along the Dead Sea Transform. This, in return, created an extension of the crust resulting in its sinking.

The Dead Sea is an attraction that draws visitors from around the globe. Just like any gaming portal that boasts tremendous feedback such as the All Slots Casino review write-ups, the Dead Sea also holds reputation as a tourist destination. It was once the world’s first health resorts, and has supplied a plethora of products that include asphalt, fertilizers, and more. In addition to this, people also employ the salt and the minerals from the Dead Sea to formulate cosmetics and herbal products.

Here are a few more facts about the Dead Sea:

  • The Dead Sea is 377m deep, making it the deepest hypersaline lake in the world.
  • The Dead Sea’s high level of salinity creates natural buoyancy.
  • The Dead Sea was a place of refuge for King David.
  • The Dead Sea constantly spits up small pebbles and blocks of asphalt from deep seeps.