The Dead Sea Human Imprint

Dead Sea Human Imprint

The named Dead Sea traces its roots from the Hellenistic Age (323 to 30 BCE). The Dead Sea figures in biblical accounts that can be traced to the time of Abraham and the eradication of Sodom and Gomorrah. The Hebrew Bible states that the city of Sin is one of the two cities along the lake that was destroyed by fire from heaven because of its depravity.

The depopulated wilderness beside the lake offered refuge to David, the king of ancient Israel, and later to the king of Judaea, who at the time of the siege of Jerusalem locked himself in a fortified structure at Masada, Israel. Masada was where a two-year siege took place and culminated in the mass suicide of its Jewish Zealot defenders and the control of the fortress by the Romans in 73 CE. The Jewish faction that deserted the biblical manuscripts known as the Dead Sea Scrolls took refuge in caves at Qumran, just northwest of the lake.


The Dead Sea comprises of a colossal salt reserve. Rock salt deposits also occur in Mount Sedom just along the southwestern shore. The salt has been taken advantage on a small scale since ancient times. In 1929, a potash factory was established near the mouth of Jordan. Subsidiary installations were later erected in the south at Sedom, but the original factory was destroyed during the mid-1900 when the Arab-Israeli war transpired. A factory producing potash, magnesium, and calcium chloride were opened in Sedom in 1966. Meanwhile, another plant produces bromine and various chemical products. There are also chemical-processing facilities residing in the Jordanian part of the southern basin. Water for the extensive array of evaporation pools in the south, from which the minerals are removed, is supplied by man-made canals from the northern basin.

Dead Sea Project

Due to its location on the debated Jordanian-Israeli border, navigation on the Dead Sea is insignificant. Its shores are nearly deserted, and permanent establishments rarely come to rise. Usual exceptions include the factory at Sedom, a few hotels, and a few agricultural communities. In addition, small cultivated plots are usually present on the lakeshore.

The Dead Sea’s water level continued to drop, which urged studies and calls for conservation of the Jordan River’s water supply. Additionally, proposals for reducing the volume of water diverted by Israel and Jordan and discussed plans for canals that would bring water to the Dead Sea came to life. One such project received acknowledgement from Jordan and Israel that involves constructing a canal northward from the Res Sea. The plan includes desalinization and hydroelectric plants along the route of the canal, would bring large quantities of brine to the lake.